Person Centered Planning

Person Centered Planning (PCP) is a guided process for learning how someone wants to live and be supported. OTAC's skilled facilitators offer a variety of ways to approach planning for both individuals and organizations. Some options require two facilitators - one to guide the process, and one to record a graphic representation of the plan being developed.

With all types of person-centered plans, the person is at the center of the planning process, which relies on a shared set of values that are designed to plan with a person, not for them.

Regardless of which PCP option is chosen, the process typically starts with identifying trusted individuals who will participate and support the focus person throughout the planning process and in reaching the identified goals and dreams.


The PATH planning process is a very results-oriented tool that is effective for planning with individuals or teams.

We start with the end in mind by beginning the process with dreaming and visioning for a desired future. Then the team works backwards to consider:

  • Where the person or organization is now.
  • Who needs to be enrolled to help meet the goal.
  • What is needed to help "stay the course".
  • What steps will be taken on the path to reaching the future that has been envisioned.

The PATH planning process engages two facilitators and takes approximately 4 hours to complete.


Making Action Plans

The MAPs planning process begins with a story. This tool can also be effective for people and groups.

This process is about getting to know the person - hearing about their dreams, acknowledging their nightmares, and building a rich portrait of their gifts, strengths, and talents so we are able to focus on simple daily actions that move them in constructive directions. As in the PATH process, we also identify what resources and supports are needed to help the person or group move toward their dream.

The MAPs planning process engages two facilitators and takes approximately 2-3 hours to complete.

Personal Futures Plan

This planning process works best as a group process. It can be fun and creative, and is best done as one event.

This process is meant to encourage the focus person and those working with them to become aware of the potential for the person to become an integral, contributing member of the community. The elements of this planning process are:

  • Looking at a person’s gifts, strengths and capacity
  • Identifying what will work and will not work for them
  • Supports necessary for the purpose of the plan
  • Dreaming and brainstorming ideas
  • Finishing with action steps to move the plan forward


Essential Lifestyle Plan (ELP)

ELP is a more in-depth process that requires more time and a variety of people supporting the focus person. This is a good option for a person who has complex support needs or if people are struggling to understand the person.

The ELP can be facilitated in a variety of ways to work best for the person, but does require gathering necessary and comprehensive information about the focus person.



Man in wheelchair working at computer